What is colitis? Colitis is a disease of the digestive system, characterized by the development of inflammation in the mucosa of the wall of the colon. There are acute and chronic colitis. Acute colitis is characterized by abdominal pain, flatulence, the presence of mucus and veins of blood in the stool, nausea, the urge to act of defecation. Chronic forms may develop, ulcerative bowel disease, bleeding. Chronic colitis is a pathological change in the structure of the mucous membrane as a result of a prolonged inflammatory process and the dystrophy of the affected tissues, in connection with which there are violations of the motor and secretory functions of the large intestine. Chronic colitis is a fairly common disease of the digestive tract, often inflammation of the large intestine is accompanied by the defeat of the small intestine. About a third of patients with chronic colitis note various intestinal infections as a cause of its development (most often dysentery and salmonellosis). In many cases, the disease develops against a background of dysbacteriosis (for example, after a long course of antibiotic therapy), due to inadequate nutrition and abuse of alcoholic beverages.
Cholecystitis is an inflammatory disease of the gallbladder, which is combined with a motor-tonic dysfunction of the bile-excreting system. In 60-95% of patients, the disease is associated with the presence of biliary calculi. Cholecystitis is the most common pathology of the abdominal cavity, accounting for 10-12% of the total number of diseases of this group. Inflammation of the organ is evident in people of all ages, middle-aged patients (40-60 years old) are more likely to suffer. Disease more often affects females. Especially often the disease is diagnosed in civilized countries, which is due to the peculiarities of eating behavior and lifestyle. It can be acute and chronic. Acute cholecystitis is one of the most common diseases, and is second in frequency after appendicitis. Chronic inflammation occurs as a result of repeated attacks of acute. The cause is almost always cholelithiasis (calculous cholecystitis).
Chlamydia is one of the sexually transmitted diseases caused by chlamydia bacteria. Men are infected with it no less than women. What causes chlamydia? The main way of transmission of infection is sexual, infection occurs during sexual contact with a sick person or a carrier of chlamydia. Also, the probability of infection of the child during childbirth when passing through the birth canal of an infected mother is quite high. This way of infection is called vertical.
Various diseases and condition manifest themselves by nausea and vomiting. This may be the only symptoms of the disease, or reflex acts in conjunction with other signs. Vomiting is always preceded by nausea - a feeling that is difficult to confuse with other sensations. Symptoms of nausea - increased salivation (saliva), the person becomes pale, gets a cold sweat, and the feeling of faint and dizzy increases. Symptoms of vomiting - the release through the esophagus and oral cavity of stomach contents out. It is manifested with seizures that are caused by contractions of the abdominal muscles. Emesis is accompanied by pain in the stomach, the person is covered by a sticky cold sweat. Vomiting center responds for the emergence of this difficult reflex located in one of the ventricles of the brain. It is excited by increasing the intracranial pressure when exposed to the pulses from the labyrinth of the inner ear, by mental stimuli from chemical reactions excited hit in blood poisons, toxins, drugs, as well as stimulation of specific receptors in various areas of the body. The most sensitive receptors are located on the back of the throat, as well as the peritoneum, mesenteric vessels, bile ducts.
Causes of vomiting and nausea:
Causes of vomiting and nausea:-pathologies and damage to various parts of the central nervous system;
- food, drugs, alcohol intoxication;
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
- psychogenic causes;
- very severe pain of any origin.
Vomiting is not specific symptom but analysis of its features in combination with other symptoms, vomit learning, can greatly facilitate the diagnosis of diseases.
Tonsillitis is a very common disease, both adults and children older than 5 years suffer it. The maximum number of cases of the disease is recorded in the autumn-winter period, often as acute forms of tonsillitis, acute and chronic. About that, its symptoms, whether it is possible to cure tonsillitis in adults and how to treat disease forever, we will talk in this article.
Stress is a prolonged tension of physiological functions of the body due to the constant action of the stimulus on the emotional sphere of person. Many people wonder how to relieve stress. After all, it is a serious disease that a large number of people have experienced. The person is under stress, becomes unbearable, not only to others, but first of all - yourself. The patient no longer enjoys life, and needs help to get out of this state. Stress is an important part of our daily lives. Potentially dangerous for the mental and physical health is too prolonged, chronic stress.
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth. It manifests itself in different ways, and there are a lot of reasons for this disease. Stomatitis can be both a separate disease and a symptom that appears after other diseases, such as measles, rubella, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, influenza, scarlet fever. The children are most affected by oral stomatitis, however, due to the deterioration of the environment, the increase in infectious diseases and the decrease in immunity, both local and general, mucosal diseases often occur in adults too. There is stomatitis today more often, however, diagnosing the disease is not so simple. And the reason for this is a huge number of different diseases of the mouth ulcer, as well as the body as a whole, which can manifest themselves with similar symptoms. Diseases of the oral mucosa are united under the common name - stomatitis. When not all the mucous membrane is affected, but only the tongue, the sky or the lips, then it is a question of glossitis, palatinitis, angular cheilitis.
Virtually every person has the symptom of throat pain several times a year. Sore throat is a wide range of pain in the throat of a different nature (in swallowing, speaking, and etc.) that may be caused by a variety of local (throat) and general (in the body) causes (infection, allergy, anatomy, psychosomatics, so on).
The number of smokers is more than 1.3 billion and continues to grow. And this is despite the fact that each year smoking kills almost 5 million people. After smoking people get discomfort: dizziness, nausea, cough. But if for some reason the person has decided to continue smoking, the body gets used to the nicotine and other components of cigarette tobacco smoke. The first months of smoking can cause a mild euphoria, mobilize domestic resources, or vice versa, to reassure. But over time, these feelings disappear. Nicotine although is inherently poison (toxin) involved in the metabolism. Most often, the first cigarette before the formation nicotine tobacco dependence or abuse takes place 1 year.
Sinusitis is a disease characterized by acute or chronic inflammation focuses in the area of the sinuses (paranasal sinuses), which, in fact, defines its name. Sinusitis develops on the background of common bacterial or viral infections, and allergy, and in some cases – micro plasma or fungal infection. The reasons for the occurrence of sinusitis are a lot. But the main - is an infection: bacteria or viruses enter the maxillary sinus through the nasal cavity (mouth, pharynx) or through the bloodstream and cause inflammation. The development of sinusitis is predisposing conditions that violate the nasal breathing: congenital malformations of anatomical structures of the nose, deviated septum, vasomotor rhinitis, hypertrophic rhinitis (nasal turbinate increase) in children - adenoids, hay fever. Violations of immunity and late or incorrect treatment of acute respiratory viral infection, rhinitis create almost 100-percent guarantee of developing this disease. The bacterium is called "staph," is a long time to live in the nasopharynx and does not manifest itself, but under unfavorable conditions, such as the common cold causes inflammation in the sinuses. But most sinus infection is provoked by SARS, influenza, parainfluenza, infection, penetrating from the patient’s teeth, allergies (allergic sinusitis).