The harm of alcoholism to people in the world
Alcoholism is very serious disease. The cause of alcoholism is regular and not too much moderate consumption of alcohol, at first seemingly quite harmless. Painful alcohol abuse can be due not only to a constant intake of alcohol beverages, but also genetic predisposition, not too positive social environment and other factors. The gradual development of alcoholism definition reveals several stages of the disease, identify features characteristic of each period of dependence. As a rule, people who suffer from chronic alcoholism, begin to consume alcohol in adolescence or early adulthood. Accordingly, to the 35-40 years of their body ceases to cope with the load, there comes the last stage of alcoholism, which often leads to death. After prolonged alcohol intake, its abolition could lead some unpleasant reactions, such as seizures, nausea or vomiting, headache, tremor, a sharp increase in body temperature, as well as insomnia and many more. In this case, if the patient is left alone, all these attacks can result in a rather pitiable. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms are a set of symptoms that occur in humans for a long time abstaining from alcohol after prolonged drinking bouts.
Why does alcohol dependence appear?
All factors influencing the formation of alcoholism in people can be divided into three groups:
- social, emanating from the society;
- health, explains the features of the human body;
In each case, the occurrence of the disease is influenced by multiple causes of alcoholism.
- Heredity is a major cause of alcoholism. It was found that children of patients with alcohol dependence in a few times more likely to become alcoholics. Genetic factors, of course, are also very significant.
- Example of alcoholic parents often becomes the basis for an easy-to-use ratio of spirit. This occurs even if the parents are not alcoholics, but alcohol is considered a necessary attribute of a holiday and binge drinking.
- Chronic emotional discomfort. The conflicts in the family, financial instability and uncertainty in ourselves are a lot of stress around us in our life. Similar situation for many - it is an occasion for a drink, a way to hide from the problems quickly and get relaxation and pleasure without worries.
- Society's attitude to alcohol.
Symptoms of alcoholism
The abuse of alcohol affects a person's ability to make everyday decisions, makes it irresponsible. Alcoholics can not go to work or attend classes, they have difficulty in communicating. In the final stages of alcoholism, they are unable to take care even of themselves. The first signs of alcoholism may be suspected if a person:
- uses alcohol with the aim to forget about all the problems;
- drinks in the morning, or alone;
- intoxicated can harm themselves or others;
- needs more and more alcohol;
- loses control over himself.
If you or your relatives have similar problems, try to see a doctor.
Effects of alcohol
Alcohol has on the human body strong toxic (poisonous) effect. It violates the metabolism, lowers resistance to infections, affects almost all organs, especially the liver, brain, heart, kidneys, endocrine glands (including sex), prematurely old man. Alcohol interacts with almost all drugs, and in most cases, it causes great harm to the body, until death. For example, concomitant use of acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) and alcohol can lead to stomach ulcers and bleeding occurrence. Acceptance of non-narcotic analgesics (Paracetamol, Indometacin, Ibuprofen) together with alcohol leads to tachycardia, the appearance of lethargy, tinnitus. Furthermore, alcohol enhances allergic reactions while taking any medications. The classic manifestation of chronic alcohol poisoning is liver cirrhosis, which is a complication, for example, is a cancer of the liver. In addition to cirrhosis in alcoholics often develop stomach ulcer, psychosis, similar to epilepsy seizures, persistent memory disorder, decreased intelligence, polyneuritis, depression.
Current approaches to the alcohol treatment
Therapy is carried out in alcohol treatment centers and hospitals, in specialized units of psychiatric hospitals by narcologist and a psychiatrist. How to quit drinking? The aims of treatment are removal of withdrawal symptoms, the effects of intoxication, craving suppression, creating impossibility (sensitization, conditioned reflex aversion) to drink alcohol, changing attitudes to drunkenness (reorientation of psychotherapy, hypnosis). Successful alcohol rehab is only possible if the patient desires personally. Given the fact that alcoholics, in most cases do not consider so, it is necessary first carry out explanatory work with them. If this cannot be done in the family, you can use the services of drug treatment doctors, psychotherapists, psychiatrists. The choice of treatment conditions, on the one hand, is determined by the desire of the patient and on the other hand, depends on the physical and mental state. Currently, the pharmacological registry reports about hundreds of medicines for the alcoholism cure. Some of them (Naltrexone, Antabuse, Revia and so on) are used for alcohol addiction, relieve intoxication, withdrawal of the binge and the hangover reliever. Others allow you to control its use and designed for prophylactic administration. There is a generation of high-power antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Wellbutrin CR, Lexapro, Celexa, Elavil, Zoloft, Desyrel, etc.), the safety of which has expanded the indications for their use. On I stage patients are prescribed alcohol detox therapy, usually in cases if there is pronounced hangover or to interrupt the bout. For sleep disorders, and in cases of insomnia with nightmares, fear, anxiety people may be assigned medicines (Ativan, SleepWell, Xanax, Tagara, Valium, Ambien, Imovane and many others). Patients are encouraged to drink plenty of liquids (mineral water, juices, fruit drinks) with simultaneous appointment of diuretics. For severe somatic disorders (diseases of the internal organs) the patient consults a physician and further treatment is prescribed, aimed at the elimination of certain disorders. It should be high-calorie, vitamin-rich food. Upon reaching good status, mental and physical, conduct anti-alcohol treatment. Throughout its process, it is necessary to use psychotherapy. The therapy will be effective only when the patient believes the doctor when there is mutual understanding and trust.