What humans know about bronchitis?
Bronchitis often begins after influenza or SARS what causes bronchitis when to a runny nose and reddened throat joins dry exhausting or cough, and if help in time and quickly transfer a dry cough in the wet, then bronchitis can be cured in less than 10 days. However, delayed treatment, disturbance of a quiet bed rest, or even worse - to go to work sick, acute bronchitis easily becomes chronic. If not detected early and there is no proper treatment, this leads to severe consequences. In some cases, acute bronchitis can be cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis. Chronic bronchitis causes a weakening of the walls, which, together with other symptoms contributes to the development of bronchiectasis, pulmonary emphysema, and bronchial asthma.
Symptoms of bronchitis in adults. How do I know if I have bronchitis?
The main bronchitis symptoms are dry or wet cough, malaise, shortness of breath can be. Temperature is often increased to 38 degrees, but may be normal. Cough is an important protective function of the body. It can be dry (without sputum) and productive (with phlegm). Productive cough removes phlegm with microorganisms, cleans the bronchi, provides access of air. Acute bronchitis lasts from a few days to a few weeks. It is accompanied by a runny nose, fever, pain or sore throat, general malaise. If the cough lasts longer than three weeks, there is a risk of transition to a chronic form of bronchitis. Cough in chronic bronchitis is deep, amplified in the morning. Another symptom is progressive dyspnea. The temperature rarely rises slightly. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by alternating periods of acute illness and decay, people can be ill for decades. Examination of suspected bronchitis includes medical examination (physician, pulmonologist), blood tests, chest radiograph (if necessary).
Whether is bronchitis contagious?
Infection occurs by airborne droplets. It is possible to catch signs of bronchitis talking with the sick man, and during the yawn and sneeze. The reasons that contribute to infection of bronchitis: viral infections; bacteriological infection; fungi, toxins, allergens (very rare). When coughing, sneezing, talking ill person, billions of droplets that are infected with viruses released into the air. And in places with large numbers of people there is a risk of contracting bronchitis. It should be noted that the person who is infected with the disease from a patient with bronchitis, will receive only the same virus or bacteria that cause disease. But this does not mean that he or she is also sure to be ill with bronchitis. It all depends on your immune system, from elementary measures to help avoid infection.
You are aware how to treat bronchitis quickly home
Bronchitis in its clinical course can have different types, and each of them has its own scheme of treatment. But the basic principles of chronic bronchitis treatment still exist. Initially, you need to stop smoking, get rid of bad habits. All this will increase the maximum efficiency of treatment. At the beginning of the disease just need to keep bed rest for 3-4 days, then you can go out and make short walks in the fresh air (if the temperature is normal). One embodiment of a quick recovery from bronchitis - early thinning mucus and its removal from the body, and it's very simple achieved abundant with warm drink (broth hips, raspberry, lime, mint, chamomile tea). In the dry air, coughing is much stronger, so try to moisten the air in the room. The second stage provides for the appointment of drugs that can expand the bronchi to facilitate sputum discharge and eliminating the phenomena of obstruction, respiratory failure, dyspnoea by stimulating specific receptors. For this purpose, there can be used bronchodilators (Ventolin, Pulmicort, and others), nebulizer therapy. The third stage is the appointment of mucolytic and expectorants, which help make the sputum less thick and viscous. These products contribute to the rapid discharge of it from the respiratory tract. There can be used herbal medicines (Kof Tea, marshmallow root, licorice, etc.), or synthetic preparations. If it is necessary patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory therapy and antibacterial agents. The need for them arises if there is a threat associated with complications. With viral bronchitis sick patient should use the treatment of antiviral medications (Amantadine). For body aches and fever control you take pills (Tylenol, Motrin, Naprosyn, Aleve). In addition to these bronchitis remedies is also applied symptomatic and supportive therapy, which includes the use of antihistamines, vitamins (Amalaki, Guduchi, Vitamin C, Spirulina Capsules), etc.
Bronchitis treatment with antibiotics
Normally, use of antibiotics for bronchitis is not advisable, if it is caused by the influenza virus, a cold. A strong immune system copes with inflammation of the bronchi. Antimicrobial agents in the absence of corresponding changes in the blood and in the absence of purulent sputum, bronchitis cannot be used because they not only have anti-inflammatory and antiviral effect, but also enhance the allergy, can trigger bronchial obstruction. But in the case of a long lasting high fever, bronchitis cough stands at purulent sputum or after the acute phase of the disease after 4-5 days the condition worsens suddenly, a new racing heat is released when your cough is purulent sputum (yellow or green), the patient should again see a doctor, who will examine, listen, send patient for tests and X-rays, and then recommends a course of antibiotics as penicillin derivatives (Amoxil, Amoxicillin, Augmentin) and macrolides (Erythromycin, Biaxin, Zithromax, and others), cephalosporins (Cefixime Oral Suspension, Сefotaxime, Suprax, Cephalexin, and so on), and respiratory fluoroquinolones (Ofloxacin, Maxaquin, Noroxin). You should never start taking antibiotics without doctor's advice.
How to protect yourself from bronchitis?
- Strengthens the immune system.
- Give up bad habits.
- Avoid stress and overload.
- Eat fully.
- Wear a protective mask indoor with air pollution.
- Air conditioning in the room.
- Timely to the end of treat rhinitis, tonsillitis and other types of focal infection.
- Do not supercool.
- Perform regular breathing exercises.