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Depression - What is it?

We depression all experience ups and downs. Sadness is a normal reaction to life's problems, failures and disappointments. Many people use the "depression" to explain these feelings, but it's much more than just sadness. For others depression is lifelessness, emptiness, apathy. Often the appearance of depression is associated with post traumatic stress disorder. You feel very intense feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, if relief occurs, it is not for a long time. As you know it is dangerous for your mental health.

Symptoms and signs of depression

It is important to remember that these symptoms may be part of normal life, if you are experiencing temporary difficulties. But if the more you have symptoms, the stronger and longer they are, the more likely that you are dealing with depression. If they inhibit and prevent you live, it's time to seek help.

Common depression symptoms are:

  • the feeling of helplessness and hopelessness;
  • lack of interest in hobbies, entertainment, sex, social activities;
  • you have lost the ability to feel pleasure and joy;
  • changes in weight or appetite;
  • changes in sleep (insomnia, especially if you wake up early in the morning and cannot fall asleep or wake);
  • irritability and anxiety symptoms (you feel agitated, restless, or on the verge of collapse);
  • alcoholism;
  • energy loss;
  • self-loathing, the rejection itself, strong feelings of worthlessness and guilt;
  • problems with concentration;
  • unexplained pain (the increase in complaints of physical health, such as headache, back pain, muscle pain, and abdominal pain);
  • stress (the occurrence of panic attacks is most often associated with stress and emotional experiences)

Types of depression

Depression depressionoften appears different in young people, women, men and the elderly. Understanding these differences helps to ensure that you are aware of the problem and have taken the first step towards coping with illness. What causes depression in adolescents? In fact, irritability and anger attacks are often a major symptom of depression in adolescents. A depressed teenager can be hostile, irritable, easily lose his temper. Unexplained pain is also common sign of illness in young people. Without treatment, teen depression may lead to problems in the family and school, self-loathing, drug abuse and even to irreversible tragedies such as murder, rape or suicide. But with professional help in depression treatment centers it is completely curable. Difficult changes are faced by many older people. This is especially true of those who do not have the support of family and friends. However, depression does not refer to a normal part of aging. Older people complain more on the physical rather than the emotional signs, and so the problem often goes unnoticed. Depressed man rarer than woman admits feeling of self-loathing and despair. Instead, men complain on fatigue, irritability, difficulty sleeping and loss of interest in work. Women depression occurs twice more often than in men. This is partly due to hormonal factors, especially when it comes to premenstrual syndrome, pre-menstrual dysphoria, postpartum depression. With regard to the signs of depression in women, they are more likely to express feelings of guilt, excessive sleeping, overeating and gaining weight. In addition, women more often suffer from seasonal affective mood disorders.

Depression treatment

No matter what kind of treatment your therapist prescribes for a depression, it is important to understand that there are no instant solutions. You may need to try different kinds of antidepressants to find the most effective medicine for you. In addition, you'll need to take depression medication for a few weeks before you will see that they benefit. Trust your doctor, do not hesitate to tell him in detail what you feel. Only in the case of absolute trust, the physician will be able to choose the best treatment option for major depressive disorder. As a rule, for the treatment, take special drugs antidepressants (Asendin, Celexa, Zoloft, Wellbutrin SR, Sinequan, Pristiq, Prozac, Remeron, Pamelor, Paxil, Lexapro, Paxil CR, Lithium, Luvox, Desyrel, Effexor XR, Elavil and so on), anxiolytics (Valium, Xanax, Buspar, Bromazepam, Ativan, Anexil, Alert Caps and others). They facilitate the manifestation of symptoms of clinical depression and help to restore good spirits. The doctor will help to select an antidepressant, which would be most effective.

How do antidepressants work?

It depressionis believed that the occurrence of major depression associated with three chemicals - neurotransmitters: noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine which are responsible for the transmission of electrical signals between brain cells. The researchers found a link between the chemical imbalance of chemicals in the brain and the symptoms of depression. Antidepressants increase the availability of neurotransmitters, changing the sensitivity of the receptors, which perceive them. Another way to treat depression is psychotherapy. The task of psychotherapy is to help a person to develop an effective strategy. There are different types of psychotherapy: individual, family and group. The best kind of therapy will help you choose a doctor, depending on the circumstances. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy is used to cure disorders. Quality group therapy for depression is careful selection of the preparation and monitoring of the effectiveness of its impact, non-pharmacological, instrumental methods.

How do you think if depression is dangerous?

Depression can lead to heart illness or to a deterioration of the existing problems with the cardiovascular system as well as complicate the road to recovery. It can increase the risk of heart attack. If you already have diabetes or pre-diabetes, depression often interferes abide by certain rules, which help to keep the disease under control. The statistics show that about 20% of people with diabetes also suffer from depression. In fact, depression increases the risk of obesity by 58%. Up to 25% of people suffering from cancer are depressed. Treatment of depression and participation in support groups during the course of treatment of cancer helps improve mood and shift the emotional distress. In depressed people migraine attacks are three times more likely. If depression is not treated, the risk of suicide increases significantly. Two-thirds of all suicides are caused by illness. If you've ever caught yourself thinking about death or suicide, you need immediate assistance.