Main types of dermatitis
The disease can be acute or chronic. By the nature of the stimulus and the type of organism lesion there is simple and allergic dermatitis. Types are classified for:
- seborrheic dermatitis;
- allergic dermatitis;
- drug reaction;
- contact dermatitis;
- atopic dermatitis;
Stimulus may be not one but multiple allergens. As a result of an allergic reaction, dermatitis symptoms appear. Moreover, unlike the simple, atopic dermatitis does not appear immediately after contact with a negative factor, but a couple of weeks. There is a delayed and immediate reaction to the allergen (in contact with foreign substances, antigens occur in rare cases, anaphylactic shock). Such diseases are contact as accompanied by the direct contact of the skin and harmful environment. If foreign substances get inside, the body reacts to external rashes and redness of the skin, the disease is called a drug reaction. Pharmaceuticals, food additives, certain products and substances getting inside, causing an allergy, are accompanied by dermatitis.
Causes of dermatitis
The causes are irritants that have a biological, physical or chemical nature. Biological stimuli are plants, waste products of insects, pollen. An example is the nettle, spurge, fraxinella, acrid buttercup. There is a simple dermatitis, which passes quickly after the removal of irritants. The area of destruction is proportional to the area of the contacted skin. Also, redness can appear as a result of household chemicals, cosmetics, and then the cause is chemical factor. When friction, temperature influence, solar radiation, diaper rash itching and redness can be. In this case we say that the cause of dermatitis is the physical factor. It is believed that the reason of atopic dermatitis can be hereditary; the disease appears in early childhood. Because of the sensitivity of many components, developed chronic inflammation of the skin can go into a phase of atopic dermatitis. Everyone has a certain resistance to external factors. Persons sensitive to external factors, food stimuli are prone to allergic dermatitis. The most difficult is considered atopic dermatitis, accompanied by allergic rhinitis, or bronchial asthma.
How to identify dermatitis symptoms in children and adults?
Eczema symptoms vary considerably depending on the form of the disease, but to all forms of major symptom is the appearance of the skin of various inflammatory elements: rash, papules, pustules, erythema, exfoliating flakes, etc. Often the appearance of these elements is accompanied by pruritus, sometimes quite painful. The characteristic symptoms include also a violation of the sensitivity on the damaged areas. The sensitivity can be increased, or vice versa, reduced up to complete absence. Eczema, most often on the face (seborrheic dermatitis scalp), is prone to seasonal flow - worsening in the cold season and in the summer of remission. Toxic forms of dermatitis can be accompanied by a general deterioration of health: an increase in temperature, the appearance musculoarticular and headache, prostration. However, most symptoms of dermatitis are limited to local, cutaneous manifestations. Quite often dermatitis in children (baby eczema) appears due to the imperfection of the age of the immune system, and in connection with this allergy. One of the most common forms of dermatitis in children is exudative diathesis, having an allergic nature. Although it is part of the pathology, and dermatitis in children occur quite rapidly, they rarely have a protracted, and usually recover well after the removal of a damaging factor.
Skin treatment depends on its shape, and is always selected individually. Starting therapy is necessary to determine what causes eczema. It is necessary to identify the stimulus (allergen, toxic substances, microbial pathogen) and eliminate it. If the stimulus is not defined, as it often happens in allergic and especially neuro-allergic dermatitis, the treatment is only symptomatic, that is, aimed at alleviating symptoms and maintaining remission. Conservative eczema treatment consists of local and systemic therapies. Acute dermatitis and eczema in children is usually treated only with the use of local resources, and chronic forms require a combination of general and local therapy. Local eczema cure consists in treating dermatitis of affected areas. Skin rashes are cured with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of powders, ointments, skin cream (Aloe Vera Skin Gel and many others), solutions, - depending on the shape of the element and the inflammatory stage. Eczema on face (seborrheic) is treated with antifungal ointments (Lamisil Cream, others). Chronic dermatitis is treated with a corticosteroid anti-inflammatory agent (Medrol, Kenalog, Sterapred). Deep ulcerative lesions are cured in a hospital. General therapy of dermatitis includes receiving of immunomodulatory (Oxitard, Guduchi, so on), antihistamines (Atarax, Accutane, Haridra, Allegra, Zyrtec, Xyzal, Benadryl, Zincovit, Florinef and also others), sedatives, depending on the cause of the disease. It is also necessary to eliminate all sources of chronic infection, such as broken teeth caries process, sinusitis, tonsillitis and so on.
Recommendations for diet
When dermatitis patient should exclude fried, smoked foods, spicy foods, alcohol and carbonated drinks. It is better to divide the daily ration into 5-6 meals and adhere to treatment. In the morning on an empty stomach to take a glass of boiled water to cleanse the bowel and improve liver function. The most useful products for skin problems diseases are plant foods, vegetables, yogurt and fruit. In summer, you need to eat fresh melons, watermelons, apricots, plums, figs, apples. In winter it helps to maintain the balance of vitamin decoction of dried fruits, rose hips, juice, water with honey and lemon. Food should be freshly prepared, contain minerals and vitamins. Good nutrition and moderate exercise will help enhance the protective functions of the body. Increased immunity is an important task for the prevention of skin diseases. Immunity depends on lifestyle, nutrition, bad habits. You should not abuse the new cosmetics, is better to use natural remedies, best skin care products.