Diarrhea syndrome in adults
Diarrhea is a syndrome manifested by frequent and loose stool, which is accompanied by abdominal cramps and flatulence. It can also be accompanied by vomiting and high body temperature. Diarrhea syndrome is caused by many reasons, the most common being food poisoning and intestinal infections. Diarrhea in adults is dangerous enough as it leads to a violation of water-salt balance in the body due to loss of large amounts of fluid, which in turn can cause serious effects on human health. Therefore, if a watery diarrhea appears it is necessary as soon as possible to begin to take the first aid measures. You should have a detailed concept how to treat diarrhea.
The clinical features of diarrhea
To recognize diarrhea in a person, is possible by the following symptoms:
- The watery stools, appearing more than 2 times per day, person has diarrhea for 3 days and more. There are pieces of undigested food in the feces.
- Pain in the abdomen during stool. Meteorism.
- Rumbling of the stomach, the appearance of cramps.
- An increase in temperature (not always).
It is necessary to become alerted and immediately seek medical attention at the appearance of diarrhea symptoms like streaks of blood or mucus in the stool, tarry, or vice versa is very bright feces, watery stool, severe abdominal pain and a sharp temperature rise to high levels. It should be seriously concerned if diarrhea lasts for several days and is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea can be acute and chronic forms. Acute diarrhea occurs relatively suddenly and is stored within one week, and chronic diarrhea lasts for more than 2 weeks and involves the body's tendency to periodically allocate a rich stool of intestinal malabsorption of water and electrolytes. Acute diarrhea is the result of the above reasons and is accompanied by bloating, pain, nausea, fever and weight loss. Chronic diarrhea is the result of all sorts of pathological conditions and serious diseases, so the question than how to stop diarrhea in such form, fit with the utmost care, considering it already as a symptom of another disease. Treatment of acute diarrhea is more standardized.
Causes of diarrhea in adults
Diarrhea is the result of improper functioning of the intestinal tract: digestive process is accelerated, and this leads to a dilution of feces and frequent defecation. Usually, the cause of diarrhea is viral or bacterial infections or food poisoning. Generally diarrhea pathogens are Escherichia coli and Salmonella bacterias; they can be in food or water. Diarrhea, which is a bacterial infection, most commonly affects tourists traveling to exotic countries. No wonder this kind of disease is sometimes called "tourist diarrhea". The causes may be herpes simplex virus or hepatitis, and receiving antibiotics. Chronic diarrhea causes ulcerative colitis. It also causes severe diarrhea, colitis but determined very late.<>Full list of reasons that cause diarrhea are listed below:
- viral infections (rotavirus, enterovirus, adenovirus);
- bacterial infections (salmonellosis, dysentery, cholera);
- enzyme deficiency (pancreatitis, cholelithiasis, congenital intolerance to certain foods);
- bowel diseases (enteritis, enterocolitis, nonspecific ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease);
- tumor growth (polyps, adenocarcinoma, diverticulitis, complicated by inflammation);
- autoimmune diseases (bowel injury in lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, atopic dermatitis and allergic reactions);
- intoxication (poisoning by nitrates, heavy metals, pesticide, household chemicals);
- medication influence (antibiotics, cytotoxic agents, overdose of laxatives, anticholinesterase agents);
- gastrointestinal bleeding (open gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, intestinal bleeding).
Diarrhea treatment in adults
In the treatment of diarrhea you need to identify the cause of the syndrome, which is an extremely important step therapy allows physicians to accurately understand how to cure and stop diarrhea. As a rule, it is easy to identify, depending on the nature of feces and diarrhea anticipating events in the life of the patient, but sometimes the diagnosis should be confirmed by means of stool microscopy, showing the presence of a disease-causing bacteria. Next, eliminate the cause of diarrhea and to take appropriate measures to prevent the occurrence of complications. This, depending on the evidence, can be antibacterial therapy, pathogenetic treatment. It is important to note that self-treat constant diarrhea with application of antibiotics is impossible, they may be appointed by a doctor. There is possible use of diarrhea remedies, such as analgesic tablets or antidiarrheal special means (Laxa Tea, Loperamide, Imodium, Himcospaz and so on), but only if the patient's condition does not cause any concerns and is a known cause of diarrhea and is not dangerous. Patients can also take various antidiarrheal ayurvedic means (Triphala, Diarex, Bael and many others). But in the case of self-treatment it is absolutely necessary to restore the water-salt balance in the body - it is an integral part of therapy. Home remedies for diarrhea can also help as soon as possible to deal with it.
Nutrition for any disease of the digestive system should be given special attention, especially if you have diarrhea. In general terms, it is worth saying that it is impossible to use coarse, fried, fatty, smoked food. Everything should be easy, well-assimilated and not to burden the already loaded intestine. It must rest and at the same time provide the body with the most necessary substances for life. It must be adjusted with the use of aqueous conditions sufficient liquid in any form. What foods to stop diarrhea should you eat? Food depends on the intensity of diarrhea, the form and stage of the disease, which led to its emergence. Naturally, in the first hours or days after the occurrence of the problem is better to refrain at all, except for sweetened tea and various liquids. As for the method of cooking, it should be boiled or cooked exclusively. It is best to cook soups, porridge, mashed potatoes, steam rissoles. The basis for the duration of the disease should be dried bread, lean meat and fish, rice, baked apples, fresh cheese, strong tea, jelly, etc. By reducing the intensity of diarrhea you can add to the diet half boiled eggs, a little butter for soup or porridge. Gradually diet extends to the normal usual food.