What to do when severe pain in the head?
One of the most frequently encountered in medical practice syndromes is severe headache, accompanied by a variety of adverse symptoms of sinusitis or other diseases. Usually, the cause of pain lies in violations of blood supply due to the fact that the vessels that supplied blood to the brain are pinched or have portions exposed dysfunction. According to statistics, every third person in the world has problems of a similar nature: very strong headaches occur in 25% of people at least once a year. Doctors define what causes headaches and among them certainly can be confusing from the sinus headache discomfort, nausea and weakness, pain and dizziness, and the constant pressure from migraines to rehabilitative effects occurring after a stroke, and even after childbirth, hypotension, injuries, brain tumor, hypertension, rhinitis, sunstroke, depression, insomnia, otitis, media, influenza, hypertension, intoxication. Let's consider the most popular, in order to learn about types of headache, how to remove the pain and what kind of remedy can help.
The pain of migraine nature
Frequency manifestations of migraine are about 10%. There is considerable speculation due to genetics, women often suffer it. Provocateurs are the stress, excessive emotional weight or physical activity. There is the relationship with the presence of the individual external stimuli: smell, color, sounds, food, nausea, vomiting and others. Doctors still have not determined what causes migraines. But physiologically, it is associated with functional disorders of the brain. Patients concerned migraine cures are prescribed a CT scan, and various blood tests. Its symptoms are sudden, the presence of attacks by four hours or more, localization to a certain part. Often there are spasms in the neck, upper back, neck. Migraine treatment is chosen strictly individually, but it is always complex. Therapy and migraine relief includes analgesics (Zolmist Spray, Cafergot, Imitrex, Maxalt, Tylenol, many others), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (Movexx Plus), tranquilizers and other migraine remedies. Sometimes it is shown hormonal therapy. For the first migraine symptoms it is very good warm shower and warm tea.
Headaches that occur due to increased or decreased pressure
Most often, such pain occurs because of brain tumors or intracranial hematomas. These pains are generally characterized by dizziness, vomiting, drowsiness, can occur early in the morning or at night. For accurate diagnosis patients are administered CT scan, they are cured usually by surgical intervention. There is also another form of headaches that result from increased intracranial pressure, but without formations in the brain. Such pain can be found in women or young girls with a weight possible exceeding the norm. Along with headaches there can also be a visual impairment. The symptoms are headache in back of head or whole head, pain in the forehead, temples. It may be also due to changes in weather, stress, fatigue.
This pain is very rare about 1% of all the world's population and typical for men. It is associated with stress, malnutrition, intoxication (alcohol, tobacco), impaired sleep. For the emergence and development is characterized by a sharp change in lifestyle. The pain is throbbing and very sharp, spreading, usually around the eyes, on the forehead and temple. In some cases strongly suppressed motor functions. Accompanying symptoms are nasal congestion, eye redness, watery. The main time of cluster headaches appearance is night.
Leader prevalence is 90% of cases. It is based on stress and fatigue, so its time - the day after lunch. Sometimes it is the result of damage to the muscles of the head or neck. Pain has no localization, no throbbing and dull and monotonous. There is a feeling of compression across the head. There can be swelling and pallor. Visit a specialist, as tension headache may appear as a result of hidden depression.
Headache due to traumatic brain injury
It occurs after injury. Headache can be maintained for a long time (up to several years). Pain is dull and can have several simultaneous fires. It is enhanced even at low tension and in the standing position. Aggravation is marked in the morning, characterized by increased sensitivity. It may occur when hormonal shifts, traumatic brain injury if there is intracranial pressure.
Cervical headache occurs when the cervical spine problems (osteochondrosis, inflammation, sudden neck movements, fatigue). This pain is tolerant, usually begins in the neck and nape, flowing to the temples and eye sockets. Long uncomfortable posture leads to its strengthening.
Headache remedies and treatment
Therapy depends on the type and severity of the headache, as well as factors such as the age of the patient and others. If this pain is a symptom of another disease, it should be treated with the underlying disease. For headache relief people use analgesics - NSAIDs (Aleve, Aceclofenac, Diclofenac, Celebrex, Motrin, Pentagesic, Panadol Extra, Zupar, Naprosyn, Indocin, Relafen and so on). For tension headache patients can be assigned antidepressants (Effexor XR, Remeron, Elavil, Zoloft, Prozac, Wellbutrin SR, Desyrel, etc.) and muscle relaxants (Tizanidine, Zanaflex, Soma, Robaxin, Flexeril and many others). For headache cures humans can be also prescribed vitamins (Supradyn, Neurobion Forte, Vitamin E, so on), anti-anxiety pills (Bromazepam, Ativan, REM Again, Xanax, Valium, others), sedatives (Melatonin, etc), cardiovascular drugs and physiotherapy.
How to remove the headache?
To avoid problems and reduce the risk of headache you can resort to the following preventive measures:
- Avoid awkward postures and long immobility, especially if your work takes place in the office of the table.
- Morning and evening exercises and exercises to strengthen the upper zone of the back muscles, neck muscles.
- Beware and do the weight lifting without any sudden movements.
- Have regular check-up and examine the cardiovascular system.
- Keep an eye on the rest and especially sleep.
- Avoid the causes that can bring to the headache under stress and spend their prevention.
- Promptly contact a neurologist.