Hypotension - symptoms and treatment
Arterial hypotension (what is considered low blood pressure) is prolonged condition characterized by reduced systolic pressure and low diastolic blood pressure. There is no consensus on whether to consider hypotension as disease. Some doctors believe this condition an illness, as low blood pressure causes a rather large set of clinical symptoms and require treatment. Opponents finds hypotension as physiological property of a particular organism, as prolonged reduction in blood pressure does not cause pathological changes in the body and does not lead to severe consequences, such as hypertension. It may be primary (genetic predisposition) and secondary, due to illness. In the first case we are talking about the physiological hypotension. Secondary hypotension is caused by a number of diseases (anemia, peptic ulcer, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis), as a side effect of certain drugs. In this situation, hypotension is uniquely regarded not as a disease but a symptom of another disease. Most arterial hypotension affects women between the ages of 30 to 40 years old, engaged in mental work. Hypotension can occur in professional athletes, this option is called hypotension fitness. The pressure may be reduced during human adaptation at sharp change of climatic conditions, the effect is temporary. Compared to other violations of the cardiovascular system arterial hypotension it seems harmless ailment. Often, however, it causes a lot of discomfort, and sometimes prevents a full life to people.
Causes of hypotension
The main reasons what causes low blood pressure are:
- deterioration of the tone of blood vessels;
- a marked decrease in blood volume in the body, caused by blood loss or burns;
- brain and spinal cord injuries;
- chronic sleep deprivation;
- stress, neuroses, trauma, depression, apathy; panic disorder;
- reduction in adrenal and thyroid;
- intracranial hypertension;
- low blood pressure during pregnancy;
- investigation of vegetative-vascular dystonia;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system (such as heart failure, atherosclerosis), vitamin deficiency, high toxicity, allergy and other health problems;
- stomach ulcer (hypotension as a concomitant disease can develop on the background of peptic ulcer disease, endocrine diseases, diseases of the liver (hepatitis), rheumatism);
- protecting the body's response to external changes;
- receiving preparations that reduce pressure: high doses of antihypertensive drugs (Amlopres, Adalat, Altace, Avapro, Caduet, Lasix, Hyzaar, and so on)
Most widespread signs of low blood pressure
The main symptoms of hypotension include:
- increased irritability;
- general weakness;
- emotional instability;
- sensitivity to changes in the weather and climate conditions;
- sluggishness in the morning;
- absent-mindedness bordering on memory impairment;
- excessive sweating;
- palpitations and shortness of breath even at small physical activity;
- failure of thermoregulation (cold feet and hands in warm weather);
- unnatural pallor;
- nausea, increased susceptibility to motion sickness;
- frequent dizziness and fainting.
Over time, the low blood pressure results in constant daytime sleepiness and sleep disorders night, and, consequently, to increased fatigue. Persons suffering from hypotension, need not 8, and up to 12 hours of sleep per night, but even after a long rest, they do not feel refreshed.
What should people know about low blood pressure treatment?
Treatment of secondary hypotension is to treat the underlying disease, which has become the cause. For the treatment of physiological hypotension there are few medications. Even the doctors assign a major role in a special way of life that for patients rather than drug therapy. Hypotensive patients need regular physical activity: walking, sports, swimming, fitness. After a bit of exercise, many low blood pressure symptoms disappear on their own, because the active movements contribute to the vascular tone and improve blood circulation in them. In addition to the motor activity of people suffering from hypotension, you need a good rest, and time to sleep required 10-12 hours. People with hypotension are useful to drink strong tea, coffee and other tonics. For many of them a cup of good strong coffee in the morning is a necessity. Of course, it is necessary to consider the presence of other diseases in which tonics may be contraindicated. It helps improve the condition for hypotension such training vessels as douches, cold douche, massages, a sauna or a bath. Changes in temperature should not be sharp, and meet new bath procedures should be gradual. When is blood pressure too low? If it is necessary patients are prescribed the medicine therapy by the doctor. Stimulating agents are applied, mostly containing caffeine. Vitamins and remedies of plant origin are widely used in hypotension (Ginseng, Guduchi, Neurobion Forte, Riconia, Spirulina Capsules, Supradyn, Vitamin E, Amalaki, Aloe Vera Juice, Astymin-M Forte, Becadexamin, Lemongrass, Trikatu, Sunthi, others), preparations that contribute to blood pressure normalization (Potassium Citrate, Lasuna, Haridra, etc.). For orthostatic hypotension your doctor may recommend acceptance of following remedies (Florinef, Prednisolone, Epogen and so on). Persons suffering from hypotension are recommended to regularly measure blood pressure with the help of special devices and to undergo regular inspection at the cardiologist. With age, hypotension can cause the development of hypertension.
Prevention of hypotension
The best way to prevent hypotension is considered to have a healthy lifestyle. Persons included in the risk group for the disease need to eat right, regular testing exercise, relax fully and carefully to maintain vascular tone. In addition, patients are strongly advised to avoid stressful situations: negative emotions are often the factor that provokes a marked decrease in blood pressure chart.