What is obesity for people?
Obesity is a condition of the body, in which its tissue and organs begin to accumulate excess body fat. Obesity definition, symptoms of which are to increase the weight by 20% or more when compared with the average values is not only a cause of general discomfort. It also leads to psycho-physical problems against this background, problems with joints and spine, problems with sexual life. Thus, obesity, in addition to the above problems, increases the risk of patientís sufficient number of serious diseases. These include, for example, atherosclerosis and hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, myocardial infarction. In addition, obesity is often a companion of diabetes, what is inseparably connected with it - that obesity serves as one of the main causes that predispose to its development. For diseases that may develop on the background of overweight, can also be added liver and kidney disease. As a supplement in this respect can also be noted that hypertension in obese patients indicated an average of three times more likely than those with weight within the normal range, while coronary heart disease and angina, again, in patients with obesity, reveals up to 3-4 times more likely than those with weight in the normal range. Also note that obesity may occur not only as an independent disease, but may serve as one of the symptoms of, respectively, a different type of diseases. Nowadays it is easy to face with childhood obesity.
Reasons of obesity
As a concomitant development of the causes of obesity facts can be regarded as follows: an imbalance between energy expended and consumed food; genetic disorders; obesity does not develop on the basis of endocrine disorders (namely relationship with endocrine disorders seen in obesity as its main cause), and as a result of violations of the intestine, liver, pancreas. In addition, you can select a number of predisposing factors to the development of this state: genetic factors (reduced enzyme activity of lipolysis or increased lipogenesis enzyme activity); sedentary lifestyle; excessive intake of carbohydrate (sugar rich foods, sweet drinks and so on.); eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia etc.); relevance a particular type of diseases, in particular endocrinology considered as such (hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism, etc.); the use of psychotropic drugs; frequent stress; sleep disorders, sleep deprivation, depression. Obese women are met more frequent than men, a critical age for the emergence of excess weight - from 30 to 60 years.
Symptoms of obesity
- The increase in body weight due to fat deposits in various areas of the body: the hips, abdomen and chest.
- Shortness of breath, decreased performance.
- Reduced self-esteem, dissatisfaction with their appearance, difficulty in communicating with others.
- Increased arterial pressure.
- The compression, pressing pain in the heart.
- Decreased sex drive.
- Pain in the joints.
There may develop diabetes of the second type with the corresponding symptoms: thirst; frequent urination; an increase in blood glucose levels.
Various complications of obesity
In addition to psychological problems, almost all obese people suffer from one or a number of syndromes or diseases caused by being overweight: coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, hypertension, stroke, angina, heart failure, gallstones, cirrhosis, sleep apnea, chronic heartburn, arthritis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, decreased fertility, libido, infertility, menstrual dysfunction, and so on. Obesity increases the risk of breast cancer, and ovarian cancer in women, prostate cancer in men, colon cancer.
How to lose weight
Developed modern methods of treating obesity are based on recent scientific research and aim at weight loss with minimal stress to the body. Current methods for treating obesity are divided into:
Drug-free method is the selection of a rational low-calorie food, the overall moderation in eating, regular physical activity. Medical method - is taking medications that promote weight loss. They are divided into anorectics - appetite suppressants (Phentermine (Adipex), Meridia Sibutramine, Regenon (Tenuate) and so on), and drugs that reduce the absorption of nutrients in the body (Xenical, others). And they need to be taken only by prescription and under medical supervision. Surgical method is used usually on the 3rd and 4th stage - the so-called morbid obesity when excess weight is from 50 to 100 and more per cent of normal. Operations on the stomach to decrease its size, gastric bypass surgery, gastric balloon installation or the imposition of bandage can be carried out. All these measures reduce the volume of the stomach, the patient feels satiated after a much smaller amount of food. In addition to operations on the stomach is surgically possible to change the location of the 12-duodenum and small intestine so as to reduce the absorption of fat. Operation - a radical method, and resort to it in particularly difficult situations. Whatever weight loss plans you choose, the main thing - is to put yourself a clear goal and understand that first of all it is necessary for you.
Prevention of obesity
If a hereditary predisposition to obesity, after the age of 40 years, physical inactivity you need to eat a balanced low-calorie weight loss diet, limiting consumption of carbohydrates, fats, an increase in dietary protein and plant foods. Need a reasonable physical activity: walking, swimming, running, visit gyms. If there is dissatisfaction with own weight, to reduce it is necessary to address to the endocrinologist and nutritionist to assess the extent of violations and drafting of individual weight loss programs.