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What do you learn about otitis media?

Otitis otitis mediamedia is inflammation of tissues of the middle ear. It appears in the adult population - is about 30% of ENT pathology, but more often is diagnosed in children. Usually otitis media occurs on a background of infectious diseases of the nose, such as sinusitis, chronic rhinitis. At the same time getting an ear infection, it occurs as a result of sneezing, wrong nose blowing. Also, the infection can penetrate into middle ear after injuries, hypothermia, meningitis, lowered immunity.

Why does otitis media appear?

The cause of inflammation in middle ear infection may be a bacterial or viral origin. Otitis media is often caused by pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections, namely, influenza virus, adenoviruses, rhino-, coronary, enterovirus. Initially viral otitis can become the bacterial as a result of joining the relevant - bacteria of pneumonia, streptococci and staphylococci, Moraxella, Haemophilus influenzae. Factors causing the disease are:

  • congenital and acquired immunodeficiency states;
  • concomitant severe disease, such as diabetes, asthma, rheumatic diseases, chronic renal failure;
  • low socio-economic status;
  • smoking - both active and passive.

According to statistics, the middle ear inflammation is often diagnosed in children. Acute otitis media main factor is accumulation of fluid in the middle ear cavity. Fluid in ear leads to a temporary hearing loss, which can last for a long time and lead to a child's developmental delay, problems with speech.

Symptoms of otitis

Ear otitis mediainfection symptoms, which can detect the average acute otitis media, are the following: severe ear pain, fever, after 1-3 days of the ear begin to appear purulent discharge. After the pus appearance usually the patient's condition improves, the temperature drops, the pain becomes less or disappears. Pus is extracted from breaking through the eardrum. This outcome is considered positive disease, with proper treatment, the hole in the eardrum heals slowly, without affecting hearing. In case of unfavorable development of the disease pus cannot find a way out, and this creates the risk that the infection may begin to spread within the skull. Such ear infection in adults can turn into meningitis, as well as brain abscess. In order to avoid such possible consequences, at the first symptoms of otitis media, contact an audiologist to start proper treatment. Otitis media, depending on the extent and localization of lesions, may be external, medium (acute or chronic form), internal. Swimmers are often ill with otitis externa, so it is popularly known as "swimmers ear". Inflammation appears due to mechanical injury of auricle. If patients do not immediately carry out the appropriate treatment with ear infection medicine, otitis externa becomes severe and extended to the parotid cartilage and bone. With this type of disease the patient is disturbed aching, throbbing pain, swelling of the ear and a moderate increase in temperature. Under otitis media the inflammation extends to the pneumatic cavity of middle ear, located just behind the eardrum. The form of otitis media often flows from catarrhal into purulent. Acute catarrhal otitis media occurs as a complication of influenza, after the penetration of the infectious agent. In the initial stage in patient the level of hearing can decrease, "noise" in the ears, but the temperature is usually normal or slightly increased. Acute suppurative otitis media is neglected catarrhal form. In addition, the pus cannot always go out by itself. If the eardrum is very strong, you need surgery to puncture the eardrum. This procedure is called paracentesis. If acute otitis media have not recovered, pus spreads inside the skull. As a result, internal otitis is developing, hitting the entire vestibular system, causing brain abscess and leads at least to a partial or complete loss of hearing. Therefore, at the first sign, do not try to drip into the ear anything, and immediately go to the doctor.

How otitis mediato treat otitis media, depending on the form of the disease

In any case, the first ear infection treatment is aimed at the destruction of bacteria contributing to development of disease. It held with antibiotics, and there are selected such ear infection remedies, which can as eliminate the bacterial organism damage as easy to penetrate the tympanic cavity of the ear to the disease. Patient is usually prescribed the most commonly used antibiotics for ear infection (Augmentin, Ceclor, efixime Oral Suspension, Amoxicillin, Ceclor CD, Omnicef, Suprax, Cephalexin, Ofloxacin, Noroxin, Keflex, Erythromycin, Cipro, Chloromycetin and others). As a topical treatment people use special ear drops for ear infection. Together with otitis drops, otolaryngologists often prescribe vasoconstrictor nose drops, thanks to which are possible to remove the swelling of the mucous membrane of the Eustachian tube, and thereby reduce the pressure on the eardrum. Also nose drops in the complex can be assigned to receive and antihistamines (Clarinex, Allegra, Nasonex, Claritin, Phenergan, Astelin, Periactin, Rhinocort, Zyrtec and so on) that pursue the same goal - the removal of mucosal edema. In the presence of elevated body temperature, which is often enough to cause ear otitis, patients are appointed antipyretic and pain relief drugs (Aleve, Biosuganril, Diclofenac, Panadol Extra, Tylenol, Zupar, Bayer ASA Aspirin and others) which are also able to partially withdraw or reduce the pain in the ears. In addition to drug therapy, there are many ways to cure otitis alternative folk home remedies for ear infection. But we should not forget that use of traditional recipes is only after consulting a doctor and in any case not to self-medicate in order to avoid complications and irreversible consequences.

Possible complications of otitis media

Improper and untimely therapy of otitis media (external or inner ear infection), acute form of the disease becomes chronic. Neglected illness leads to a complete or partial defect of the tympanic membrane or renewable periodically incessant release of pus from the ear. The hearing is reduced in patient. Complications of the disease do not occur too often. Most people go to the doctor promptly for help, because they understand that the treatment of ear inflammation is necessary. Without cure there may occur the following complications:

  • rupture of the eardrum;
  • inflammation of the mastoid (mastoiditis);
  • paresis of the facial nerve;
  • meningitis and brain abscess.
  • cholesteatoma.