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Information about renal failure and its types

Renal renal failurefailure (or kidney failure) is a condition in which the kidneys as a result of any disease cannot carry out their work sufficiently for the body. This leads to malfunction of organs and tissues. Renal insufficiency can be acute and chronic. In acute renal failure the kidney function is disturbed quickly due to the heavy renal tissue injury. The reasons for this defeat may be both in the kidney (cell death under the influence of poisons, surrogates of alcohol, drugs, acute inflammation or lack of blood supply) and outside (heart failure, massive blood loss, etc.). Fortunately, this process is often reversible. Chronic renal failure occurs when the kidney disease is slowly progressing, when the amount of functioning kidney tissue is reduced gradually and usually irreversible. Generally inflammation (most often - glomerulonephritis), metabolic, systemic, tumor, cardiovascular and genetic diseases may lead to this. In the initial stages of chronic kidney disease process can be monitored using an appropriate diet and medication. With the development of the disease, patients require regular kidney dialysis using apparatus "artificial kidney", and ideally they should be carried out kidney transplant.

Symptoms of renal failure

Many of kidney disease symptoms are easily to confuse with a lumbar spinal disease or gynecological diseases on the early stage. We will talk first about the signs of kidney failure, acute form:

  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • stomach pain;
  • bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract;
  • decreased amount of urine;
  • swelling in arms, legs and sometimes on the whole body;
  • as a result of water retention in the body increases the body weight quickly;
  • in more severe forms - acute respiratory failure invoked by pulmonary edema; tremor (shaking) of the leg muscles and arms.

Chronic renal failure has these symptoms of kidney problems:

  • hypertension;
  • concentrated urine;
  • eventually growing thirst;
  • becomes more frequent urination;
  • in advanced stages there is itching, swelling of the limbs, cramps, and the so-called restless leg syndrome;
  • shortness of breath after physical exertion;
  • headache;
  • blurred vision caused by hypertension;
  • nocturnal asthma attacks, chest pain;
  • frequent hiccups and vomiting;
  • pain in the lumbar region;
  • urine dark red color;
  • swelling under the eyes.

Causes of renal disease

Todayrenal failure, doctors mark out the following reasons for kidney failure:

  • diabetes (a metabolic disorder);
  • high blood pressure;
  • hereditary disease (polycystic, kidney hypoplasia);
  • kidney disease (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, etc.);
  • pathology during pregnancy;
  • disease of the immune system and rheumatic (lupus, scleroderma, vasculitis);
  • kidney stones, hindering urination;
  • an enlarged prostate in men, also makes it difficult urination;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • poisoning toxins and drugs, lead and mercury, alcoholism;
  • cyst on kidney;
  • bites of poisonous insects and snakes;
  • kidney infection;
  • dehydration due to sweating too much or prolonged diarrhea, or love for salt and salty foods.

People, who have the above-mentioned diseases or addictions, are at risk and in need of constant monitoring of the health of the doctor and the implementation of its recommendations. This will help to prevent the occurrence of disease.

Renal failure treatment

Treatment renal failureof kidney problems is quite complex and is carried out in the hospital. According to the research doctor determines what causes kidney failure, and eliminates various methods and drugs. This is the main task at the initial stage of therapy.

Chronic renal failure, however, as an acute, involves the removal of the causative diseases of the kidneys and the restoration of their functions. Doctor may appoint the following activities:

1. The best and most effective treating of acute renal failure - the blood dialysis.

2. Eliminate the causes of the disease:

Kidney diet

In any form and kidney failure stages patient is required a special diet with metered consumption of protein and potassium, which reduces the load on the kidneys to slow down progression of the disease and significantly improves the general patient's condition. Special menu normalizes kidney function, lowers blood pressure, relieves swelling, and removes nitrogen compounds.