Symptoms and effective treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a complete description of the disease
Sometimes when there is a failure in immune system people can get rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This is chronic inflammation of connective tissue, in the joints are also affected due to aggressive reaction of immune cells on the body's own tissue. Often the disease leads to the loss of working ability. In this article we will discuss the causes of the disease, arthritis symptoms and effective modern methods of treatment.
Types of arthritis
There are several varieties of arthritis. Each of them has its own causes and characteristics:
- Infection or purulent inflammatory arthritis develops in the organism getting into the infection that causes inflammation.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is allergic and infectious illness affecting the joints tissue. This disease can spread sometimes to the internal organs. It mostly occurs in humans in middle and older age.
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a pathology that generally affects children under age of 16 years.
- Osteoarthritis is a degenerative character. The illness is dangerous because if cartilage and bones subjected to degenerative changes, can not be able to recover alone.
- Gouty arthritis appears as a result of uric acid deposits, which is gathered in the joint cavity. It does not excreted with urine, is insoluble in the blood, but accumulates and also crystallizes around joints that can lead to arthritis pain resulting from inflammation.
- Arthritis is caused by the earlier of injury is called traumatic.
- Psoriatic arthritis will be disturbed by the following symptoms: a gradual progression of the disease, edema, and local temperature rise. Spots appear on skin and scalp, they are red with uncomfortable itching and flaking. More often people may have arthritis in fingers.
Causes of rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is serious autoimmune disease. This means that under the development in the human lymphocytes cells, designed to fight viruses and bacteria, for some reason instead attack the body's own tissue (including joints). The reasons for this behavior are not fully understood. Nevertheless, the following is known what causes arthritis:
- Heredity plays important role: in blood relatives the risk of the disease is ten times higher (if anyone is sick family member).
- The immune aggression can be invoked by are infectious diseases such as influenza, acute respiratory infections, sore throat, inflammation of the sinuses. Also, the development of the pathology associated with viral infections: measles, mumps, herpes and others.
- Sometimes the disease can be triggered by reactive or infectious arthritis, joint trauma, severe hypothermia.
- Obesity, incorrect nutrition, use of alcohol-containing beverages.
- Stress, emotional turmoil and strong emotions.
- Environmental factors and hormonal changes.
- Some diseases, such as: tuberculosis, gonorrhea, dysentery, gout.
- Malfunction of the endocrine glands. In particular, the hormonal changes in a woman's body at the time of its entry into menopause.
Knowing about the possible causes of this disease, you can have a chance to prevent the development of disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
Typically, disease has a fairly clear set of symptoms:
- morning stiffness in joints lasting at least 1 hour;
- arthritis in hands joints;
- symmetry of joint damage;
- the so-called rheumatoid nodules (found in 10-20% of patients).
In the later stages of the disease peripheral nerves, blood vessels, heart, lungs, kidneys and other organs may be affected. The disease is characterized by a mild fever, insomnia and lack of appetite. Untreated ra symptoms lead to the gradual destruction of the affected joints.
Basic cure of illness
Rheumatoid arthritis treatment includes the following methods: application of basic therapy, anti-inflammatories, physical impact on the immune system, local treatment, physiotherapy, special arthritis diet, traditional medicines. A basic ra treatment is aimed at eliminating the "foundations of disease." Rheumatoid arthritis medications in this group (Arava, Azathioprine, others) do not eliminate momentary pain and other symptoms - they are designed to interrupt the development of the disease in the future. Their effect is felt after a month of reception, and sometimes more. Nonsteroidal anti inflammation drugs (Aceclofenac, Aleve, Diclofenac, Feldene, Motrin, Movexx Plus, Mobic, Pentagesic, Toradol, Indocin CR, Naprosyn, Relafen, Zupar and many others) are applied as a first aid in case of acute pain in the joints. Analgesics (Ultracet, Tylenol, Tramadol, Ultram and so on) can also be assigned. With a high degree of inflammation activity patients use hormones (Prednisolone, Triamcinolone, etc.). Corticosteroids are hormonal. The effect of these is almost always great: pain is decreased, morning stiffness, weakness and chills disappear. But corticosteroid is a stress hormone, which means the application of a powerful blow to all the organs and systems of the negative consequences. And the worst thing is that to remove the drug, disease will return. Hormones, providing the overall impact on the body, can cause hypertension, edema, diabetes, obesity, reduce immunity and cause stomach ulcers. To decrease the risk of side effects and increasing the medicines effectiveness administration of corticosteroids is carried out directly into the joint cavity. However, the impact on other organs and tissues is minimized. Patients can use herbal natural remedies for arthritis (Pain balm, Joynt, Pain Massage Oil, Rumalaya, Shigru, so on). If there is no response to standard drug therapy patients with highly active rheumatoid arthritis use plasmapheresis. Use of rheumatoid arthritis diet with high content of calcium is very important. Laser treatment is also particularly indicated in the early stage of the process. In order to reduce pain and eliminate the spasm of periarticular tissues people can be appointed cryotherapy. In order to impact on allergic processes, nutrition and elimination of tissue inflammation humans use and other physical treatments. Therapeutic exercise and massage are assigned to all patients for arthritis relief. All sick patients with rheumatoid arthritis should be systematically observed and examined by a rheumatologist in rheumatology.