Rhinitis is the most common disease in children and adults
Respiratory infections refer to widespread illnesses in the world and are almost always accompanied by a runny nose. The difficulty of nasal breathing, a common phenomenon in respiratory diseases, is becoming a habit for many people, and even a way of life. Runny nose is not considered a serious disease, despite the fact that it sometimes accompanied by headaches, insomnia, impaired function of certain organs and systems. Meanwhile, people can not neglect the treatment of the common runny nose, especially if it has become chronic. What is rhinitis? Rhinitis is inflammation of nose (nasal mucosa), manifested by edema and nasal congestion, copious mucous secretion, burning, and scratching in the nasal cavity, the deterioration of the smell sense. The acute form of rhinitis can become chronic, leading to a disorder of respiratory function and lungs and heart changes. There is possible the inflammation spread to other respiratory system parts, the development of laryngitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, otitis media.
What are main causes of rhinitis?
The most common causes of rhinitis are viral infections (more than 200 types of infections), a general weakening of the immune system, often provoked by hypothermia, seasonal beriberi, general environmental conditions. Also lifestyle, allergic predisposition and hereditary diseases play an important role.
What facts you know about the rhinitis symptoms
Depending on the type and stage disease signs can range from dry irritation in the nasal cavity to the serous and mucous-purulent discharge with bloody inclusions. In chronic rhinitis is often observed headache, drowsiness, fatigue, decreased sleep quality, sometimes accompanied by snoring. The main symptoms of acute rhinitis or mucous discharge are watery mucous character, dryness or burning sensation in the nose, redness of the nose wings, a partial loss of the perception of gustatory and olfactory sensations, sneezing.
How to distinguish the difference between acute and chronic rhinitis?
There are acute and chronic rhinitis, which can be distinguished by the nature of the manifestations of common cold and its duration. Thus, acute rhinitis in adults is accompanied by itching of the mucous membrane of nose, sneezing, copious liquid secretions of mucus, watery eyes, nasal congestion, and sometimes fever and malaise. Thus rhinitis symptoms can be no more than 10 days. In the chronic form of the disease it becomes prolonged and accompanied by periodic or constant nasal congestion and obstruction of nasal breathing.
Different rhinitis types
There are seven major types of nasal catarrh. Vasomotor rhinitis (non allergic rhinitis) is generally not considered a serious disease, but brings discomfort to the patient. There can be observed reaction mucosal penetration of the virus in the body. A variety of reasons can depend on both the human and the environment. In humans, a stuffy nose and dizziness occur. Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is also fairly common type- according to statistics, the number of people who have an allergy, has been steadily increasing. The most common factors that occur under allergies in adults and children include pollen; animal hair; house dust; fluff, food. Hay fever symptoms of the disease may be different, but often accompanied by difficulty breathing allergies, sneezing, severe mucous discharge, itchy nose. Allergy may fall into the lower parts of respiratory system, which will cause the development of asthma. Although current allergy remedies can effectively control the disease but they can also cause a variety of adverse reactions. So it is important to make the right choice of medicines for hay fever treatment, particularly, perennial allergic rhinitis. Bacterial rhinitis appears a bit differently. There can already be seen on the face of small edemas on the face, and severe irritation of the mucous, green-gray discharge with a thick consistency. In such a situation it is better to go to a specialist. Traumatic rhinitis is a consequence of the deformation of nasal septum. Hypertrophic rhinitis occurs only in dust and insanitary. A person is very difficult to breathe. Here it is necessary to resort to surgery only. Atrophic rhinitis is a very rare type. The reason it may be a genetic predisposition, frequent diseases and over-dried air in the room where you spend a lot of time. The danger of this disease is that a person loses the sense of smell because of the tissue atrophy and this directly affects its functioning in future. Recovering from this is no longer possible, if not to use surgery.
How to cure rhinitis: general information
If the disease is manifested on the background of infection that is accompanied by fever, then, first of all, you should have strict bed rest. For hyperthermia patient should not use hot foot baths, as high risk of complications. When low-grade fever body attachment at the feet of "heat" greatly facilitates breathing and reduces hypoxia. Patients are appointed vasoconstrictor and nose spray. But most importantly is to learn how to blow your nose effectively so as not to trigger the development of various complications - evstaheit, otitis media, and others. It is necessary to blow the contents of mucous from the nose at the half-open mouth effortlessly, in turns clearing the left, then the right nostril. To reduce the toxicity you should take a warm drink plenty of liquids - tea with lemon or raspberry, milk with a teaspoon of honey, etc. If the patient has a fever, you can use antipyretic medicines (Panadol Extra, Bayer ASA Aspirin). In severe cases, specialists may prescribe antibiotics (Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Biaxin, Amoxil, Bactrim, Zithromax, Cipro, Cefixime Oral Suspension, Vibramycin and others) according to indications. Remedies for the rhinitis treatment, caused by allergies, are isolated in a special group. In this case, immediately remove the main irritant. It does not matter, what is specifically caused by allergic rhinitis: pet dander, washing powder, pollen or dust. Antihistamines treat runny nose. Usually due to the simultaneous provision of vasoconstrictor, decongestant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action is necessary to use special medicines (Allegra, Zyrtec, Xyzal, Singulair, Rhinocort, Relent, Clarinex, Claritin, Haridra, Benadryl, Astelin and so on).